During the seminar, i will present a recent work where we theoretically investigate the ultrafast creation of a magnetic moment in gold nanoparticles by circularly polarized laser light. To this end, we describe the collective electron dynamics in gold nanoparticles using a semiclassical approach based on a quantum hydrodynamic model that incorporates the principal quantum many-body and nonlocal effects, such as the electron spill-out, the Hartree potential, and the exchange and correlation effects. We use a variational approach to investigate the breathing and the dipole dynamics induced by an external electric field. We show that gold nanoparticles can build up a static magnetic moment through the interaction with a circularly polarized laser field. We analyze that the responsible physical mechanism is a plasmonic, orbital inverse Faraday effect, which can be understood from the time-averaged electron current that contains currents rotating on the nanoparticles surface. The computed laser-induced magnetic moments are sizeable, of about 0.35 muB/atom for a laser intensity of 450 GW/cm2 at plasmon resonance.
Seminar on 21 March 2019
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Magnetic moment generation in small gold nanoparticles via the plasmonic inverse Faraday effect
at 13:00 in Seminar room F052